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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper
Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper

Assignment 1: “Captain of the Ship” Project – Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar disorders are severe disorders of mood that include both depressive episodes and expansive, grandiose, or manic episodes. During these times, the person may engage in activities with little awareness of the consequences because of accompanying psychosis. A diagnosis of bipolar disorder includes periods of mania or hypomania and periods of depression where the mood is down, hopeless, and suicidal. The neurovegetative symptoms of bipolar depression can be incapacitating. It is also important to differentiate the psychosis of bipolar disorder from schizophrenia. Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper

In this Assignment, you will become the “captain of the ship” as you provide treatment recommendations and identify medical management, community support resources, and follow-up plans for a client with a bipolar disorder.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

Recommend psychopharmacologic treatments based on therapeutic end points for clients with bipolar disorders
Recommend psychotherapy based on therapeutic end points for clients with bipolar disorders
Identify medical management needs for clients with bipolar disorders
Identify community support resources for clients with bipolar disorders
Recommend follow-up plans for clients with bipolar disorders
To prepare for this Assignment:

Select an adult or older adult client with a bipolar disorder that you have seen in your practicum. Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper
In 3-pages, write a treatment plan for your client. In which you do the following:

Describe the HPI and clinical impression for the client.
Recommend psychopharmacologic treatments and describe specific and therapeutic end points for your psychopharmacologic agent. (This should relate to HPI and clinical impression.).
Recommend psychotherapy choices (individual, family, and group) and specific therapeutic endpoints for your choices.
Identify medical management needs, including primary care needs, specific to this client.
Identify community support resources (housing, socioeconomic needs, etc.) and community agencies that are available to assist the client.
Recommend a plan for follow-up intensity and frequency and collaboration with other
Assignment 1: “Captain of the Ship” Project –Bipolar Disorders. Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper

The HPI and Clinical Impression

Juliet 35-years old female complains of insomnia. She typically does not nap. “I have not slept for a couple of weeks.” Juliet has been hospitalized severally in the past. First, she was hospitalized in her early twenties due to a mood disturbance with some psychotic characteristics. Currently, she is receiving outpatient treatment for bipolar disorder. Juliet has a history of medication non-compliance, which is making the treatment ineffective. Consequently, she has made suicidal threats severally.

She appears distracted, irritable, and intrusive. Also, she articulates her poorly articulated. Additionally, her speech is rapid, pressured, constant, confused and loud due toracing thought patterns. She was unable to recognize her unusual behavior. Besides, her judgment seems to be poor. She also experiences paranoia and fear. She believes that she has done something terrible, which might result in harm. Nonetheless, she does not portray any signs of anxiety. She portrays some oppositional behavior throughout the examination process. The HPI and clinicalpresentation indicate that she is suffering fromBipolar I Disorder (mania and depression). Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper

Psychopharmacologic Treatments

I prescribedlithium to the patient. According to Swartz & Swanson, (2014), lithium is effective in regulatingmood swings and minimizing the chances of attempting suicide. Additionally, I recommended psychiatric hospitalization to monitor her condition closely, thus minimizing potential danger to causing harm to herself or others. Less intensive treatment would not be effective since it has failed in the past. This therapy will minimize suicidal thoughts.
Recommend Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is appropriate to complement medications used in the treatment of this condition. The use of pharmacotherapy as the treatment for bipolar disorder only provides the patients with partial relief. Additionally, the use of pharmacologic interventions as the only treatment option is associated withhigh rates of recurrence, low rates of remission, psychosocial impairment, and residual symptoms(Swartz & Swanson, 2014). In this case, I would recommend individual cognitive as a psychotherapeutic intervention. This type of cognitive therapy (CT) for bipolar disorder is a skills-based treatment, which assists individuals to recognize maladaptive thoughts and modify the connection between these thoughts and moods (Swartz & Swanson, 2014). In this psychotherapeutic approach, the patient will learn to modify negative thoughts automatically using thought records, activity scheduling, and mood diaries. Additionally, she will learn how to interrupt cycles of mania and depression as well as remove distorted thinking. Therefore, this psychotherapy will enable Juliet to recovery from depressive episodes faster and prevent her from experiencing new mood episodes, thus reducing suicidal thoughts. Also, this therapy will minimize her distractive, irritable, and intrusive behavior, thus improving her quality of life. Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper


Medical Management Needs

The patient has various medical management needs, including primary care needs. First, Juliet needs to be hospitalized in the healthcare facility and assigned to a family caregiver. Doing so will enable healthcare to monitor her progress and response to the treatment. Additionally, it will minimize the chances of medication non-compliance, which was reported in her past incidents. Non-adherence to medication is among the primary cause of relapse in bipolar disorder. Additionally, she requires to be administered with Lithium. According to Shah et al Grover (2017), Lithium is an effective mood stabilizer in bipolar disorder. Additionally, it prevents suicide among bipolar disorder patients. Besides, this patient requires tricyclic, which is an antidepressant to assist in the management of depression. However, this drug is supposed to be used along with a mood stabilizer (Lithium) since it is likely to trigger a manic episode. Finally, the patient requires Benzodiazepines, which improve sleep and lowers the level of anxiety. Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper
Community Support Resources and Community Agencies

According to Waxmonsky et al (2014), patients with bipolar disorder incur relatively high health care costs compared to other mental illnesses. Consequently, community support resources and community agencies are coming up to provide bipolar patients with the required support. These organizations provide patients with a wide range of services. First, they provide information about symptoms of the condition, how it is diagnosed, and available treatment options(Dunleavy, 2018). Besides, they provide patients with financial support since the condition hinders them from engaging in income-generating activities. Finally, the organizations provide coping mechanisms, advocacy, and psychological support to the patients and their family members. In most cases, Bipolar disorder not only affects an individual but also their loved ones(Dunleavy, 2018). Therefore, these organizations provide patients and their family members with a good support system, thus enabling them to overcome the situation.

A Plan for Follow-Up Care

Upon being discharged from the healthcare facility, a 60-day follow-up visit is recommended for the patient. Initially, Juliet should be accompanied by a family member to the healthcare facility after every 3 days for the first two weeks. Later the frequency will change to every 5 days for the next month and finally after every 7 days for the remaining period. This follow-up plan will allow the psychiatrist to monitor her progress and how she is responding to the treatment. Additionally, follow-up care will allow the specialist to change her medications if need be, thus enhancing her recovery process. Bipolar Disorder Essay Paper


Swartz, A, H &Swanson, J. (2014). Psychotherapy for Bipolar Disorder in Adults: A Review of the Evidence. Am Psychiatr Publ, 12(3): 251–266. doi:10.1176/appi.focus.12.3.251.

Shah, N., Grover, S., & Rao, G. P. (2017). Clinical practice guidelines for management of bipolar disorder. Indian journal of psychiatry, 59(Suppl 1), S51.

Waxmonsky, J., Kilbourne, A. M., Goodrich, D. E., Nord, K. M., Lai, Z., Laird, C., … & Bauer, M. S. (2014). Enhanced fidelity to treatment for bipolar disorder: results from a randomized controlled implementation trial. Psychiatric Services, 65(1), 81-90.

Dunleavy, P, B. (2018). Bipolar Disorder Resources: Finding the Help You Need. Everyday Health. Retrieved from https://www.everydayhealth.com/bipolar-disorder/guide/resources/

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