Dalia is a 14-year-old girl dealing with behavioral issues.
Assignment: Theoretical approach
Respond to a colleague’s post by explaining why you agree or disagree with your colleague’s use of a particular theoretical approach and/or practical skill in working with Dalia.
Dalia is a 14-year-old girl dealing with behavioral issues. Her behavioral issues include argumentative behavior, fights with peers, poor concentration in class, highly sexualized behavior and she later admitted to drinking occasionally with friends (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). She has a fake ID, and used it to get a tattoo without permission from her parents (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). Dalia’s parents both work a lot, and each blame the other for her behavioral issues (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). Dalia expressed that she has a decent relationship with her older brother, who lives in a different state, and a not so cool relationship with her sister who is in college (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). Her sister was a very good student, and Dalia feels that she is constantly compared to her (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). I identified Dalia’s self-harming behavior as drinking at a young age, having a fake ID, and having highly sexualized behavior. Each of these things can lead Dalia to many harmful events and situations in her life.
According to Erickson’s Psychosocial Theory, at the age of 14, Dalia is in Stage 5 which states that she is in a transitional period in her live and trying to find who she is (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2016). She is examining her role in life, and trying to create her identity. Dalia is having a hard time because her parents aren’t around, and she notices that the family dynamic has changed since her brother and sister left home (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). She also feels that she is being compared to her sister at school (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014). Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman (2016) also talk about the “looking-glass self” which suggests that people associate who they are with how people relate to them. These two theories suggest that Dalia’s interactions with her family and her teachers may have caused her behavior. As she is developing and trying to find her identity, she is having issues because the way she views herself and the input she gets from the people around her don’t match. So she is exploring and experimenting to try to figure out the kind of person that she wants to be.
Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. M. (2014). Working With Children and Adolescents: The Case of Dalia. In Social Work Case Studies: Foundation Year. Laureate Education, Inc.
Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding Human Behavior and Social Environment, 10th edition. Boston: Cengage Learning.