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Describe the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification System

Describe the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification System

Describe the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification System
NURS 8000 Assignment 1 Locating and Critically Analyzing Primary Research Articles

Assignment 1 for Week 5: Locating and Critically Analyzing Primary Research Articles

As a student pursuing further education in the field of nursing, it is critical to develop skills that promote research proficiency, that is, the ability to locate sites with scholarly articles, read them, and perform critical analysis and evaluation.
This is what will lead to success in nursing research and career advancement as a credible scientist who can actively participate in the generation of new knowledge and skills that promote safer and more efficient nursing practices.
CINAHL Plus and PubMed (Medline) are two databases that contain scholarly nursing work (Hopia & Heikkilä, 2019). The goal of this paper is to select two articles from online nursing resources, write a summary for each, synthesize the articles from a scholarly standpoint, and discuss the difference between summarizing and synthesizing research articles.

The first article examined was on evidence-based practice, with a focus on community nurses’ knowledge, attitudes, implementation, facilitators, and barriers (Li et al., 2019). This article focuses on community nurses’ perceptions of EBP projects and the challenges they face in carrying them out. The CNs have observed that EBP projects have not been effective in their healthcare service delivery because they believe it is strongly associated with advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) and they find it difficult to relate it to their own practice. It also highlights the challenges that CNs face in successfully implementing their EBP projects. The barriers are primarily related to a lack of time, resources, knowledge, and training, as well as a lack of motivation that discourages them from undertaking such projects.

In my second article review, I read Lehane et al(2018) .’s article Evidence-based practice education for healthcare professionals: an expert review. According to the authors of the article, while EBP-projects are critical to promoting patient safety and quality care, their implementation remains a significant challenge for most healthcare practitioners. There is a constant need to communicate research evidence to relevant stakeholders, particularly healthcare educators who are better placed to articulate the EBP research process and importance. It is the responsibility of nursing academicians and clinical educators to promote the dissemination and successful application of EBP research findings in practice. This will eventually lead to better care and more up-to-date methods that are supported by research evidence and data (Lehane et al., 2018).

The focus of the two articles’ synthesis is evidence-based practice in nursing research. The first article examines EBP in relation to community nurses. The research article emphasizes the importance of incorporating EBP into community nurse practice as a means of promoting quality care and patient safety. However, there are obstacles that CNs must overcome in order to effectively incorporate EBP findings into their practice.
Efforts have been made over the years to promote the full incorporation of EBP findings into nursing practice. To strengthen the nurse’s approach to EBP and bridge the gap between EBP results and practice, a three-pronged approach based on education, leadership, and practice is used (Warren et al., 2016). These recommendations complement the second article, which emphasizes the importance of education in promoting successful EBP implementation. Educational programs emphasizing better ways for nurses to ensure proper EBP procedures are followed, that they understand the rationale, and that they can successfully implement it in practice (Worum et al., 2019).

Summarizing entails reading the entire text and identifying the main points of the article. This requires the use of one’s own words in creating the summary, which is intended to provide a general overview of the entire article. However, in order to synthesize the article, one must conduct a critical review of the article, drawing comparisons and conclusions in relation to other articles and developing a comprehensive conclusion. These two aspects are critical in nursing literature reviews because they help nursing students develop a thorough understanding of the available literature sources on various nursing research studies and how they can be best applied in practice (Aveyard & Bradbury-Jones, 2019).

In conclusion, the process of locating and critically analyzing primary nursing literature sources is critical in the development of intellectual competency and the promotion of critical thinking in advanced nursing studies. It is critical for a nurse who wishes to continue her education and advance to the doctorate level in nursing to develop such skills in order to make future research work more manageable and productive. I believe that nursing students have access to a variety of credible databases that provide them with adequate resources to broaden their scope of knowledge and stimulate further research aimed at improving the quality of healthcare services provided.

Assignment 1: Locating and Critically Analyzing Primary Research Articles
Developing the proficiency to locate, read, and evaluate research articles is essential to your success in this doctoral program and your career. With this Assignment, you have the opportunity to become familiar with the Walden Library by searching the databases, reviewing resources, and downloading full-text articles. You are asked to think critically as you do this, keeping in mind that as a doctoral candidate you must be able to enhance your profession’s body of knowledge by synthesizing what you have learned into new insights and applying them in meaningful ways within the practice environment (as a DNP-prepared nurse) or engaging in original research (as a PhD-prepared nurse).

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To prepare:

Participate in or review an archived version of the following Walden Library Webinars:
Introduction to the Walden Library
Evaluating Online Resources
An Introduction to Evidence-Based Searching
Then search the Walden Library and locate two peer-reviewed primary research articles that pertain to your practice area and are of particular interest to you.
By Day 7
To complete:

Write a 4-paragraph APA-formatted paper addressing the following:

Write a 1-paragraph summary of each of the articles you have selected (a total of 2 paragraphs).
Write 1 paragraph that synthesizes the two articles using a scholarly voice.
Write a final paragraph in which you discuss the differences between summarizing and synthesizing research.
Due by Day 7 of Week 4.

Submission and Grading Information
To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK4Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
Click the Week 4 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
Click the Week 4 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK4Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
Grading Criteria
To access your rubric:

Week 4 Assignment Rubric

Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity
To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:

Submit your Week 4 Assignment draft and review the originality report.

Submit Your Assignment by Day 7 of Week 4
To submit your Assignment:

Week 4 Assignment

Assignment 2: Becoming Familiar With the DNP Scholarly Project and PhD Dissertation (Continued from Week 3)
Continue to work on this Assignment, assigned in Week 3 and due by Day 7 of Week 5.

Week in Review
This week, you distinguished the differences between summarizing and synthesizing a research article and utilized Walden Library databases and resources to access, search, and download peer-reviewed primary research articles.

Next week, you will review ethical codes and standards for nursing practitioners and scholars and explore ethical challenges you may encounter in your chosen profession.

To go to the next week:

Week 5

Week 4: Scholarship and the Doctorally Prepared Nurse
Scholarship is a defining characteristic of both the DNP and the PhD. The ability to read, interpret, synthesize, and apply research to improve patient care is at the heart and soul of the DNP, a practice doctorate. DNP-prepared nurses are expected to engage in evidence-based practices and collaborate with colleagues who conduct cutting-edge research. Likewise, PhD-prepared nurses must be well versed in the literature and engage in critical thinking as they evaluate others’ research and conduct their own.

This week, you explore the various resources provided by Walden University to assist you in becoming a critical and scholarly reader, thinker, and writer. Among the tools for your use are the extensive Walden Library holdings. You receive guidance on accessing and searching academic journals to locate peer-reviewed primary research articles. You also explore strategies for appraising research. In addition, you are introduced to Walden University’s Institutional Review Board, which helps to ensure that students adhere to established ethical and legal guidelines when conducting research.

Learning Objectives
Students will:
Utilize Walden Library databases and resources to access, search, and download peer-reviewed primary research articles
Distinguish between summarizing a research article and synthesizing the research
Learning Resources
Required Readings
Walden Library. (2014). Publication Comparison Chart. Retrieved from: http://academicguides.waldenu.edu/peerreviewvsscholarly

This guide discusses three main publication types that you will encounter in the Walden Library: scholarly journals, trade publications, and popular magazines. It contains information about these publication types and a chart comparing their purpose, content, audience, etc.

Eaton, S. E. (2010). Reading strategies: Differences between summarizing and synthesizing [Blog post]. Literacy, Languages and Leadership. Retrieved from http://drsaraheaton.wordpress.com/2010/09/29/reading-strategies-differneces-between-summarizing-and-synthesizing/

The author proposes that critical reading must include using critical thinking to create “new” information and insights from this information.

Institutional Review Board for Ethical Standards in Research: IRB Office Hours and meetings. Retrieved January 15, 2014, from http://researchcenter.waldenu.edu/Institutional-Review-Board-for-Ethical-Standards-in-Research.htm

This The Walden online tutorial at the bottom of this page provides information on Walden’s Institutional Review Boards (IRBs). These boards are responsible for ensuring that all Walden research studies meet specific ethical and legal criteria.

Walden University Library. (2014). Webinar archives. Retrieved from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/library/webinararchives/nursing

Introduction to the Walden Library
Evaluating Online Resources
An Introduction to Evidence-Based SearchingThe Walden Library webinars provide relevant information on accessing and evaluating scholarly sources. The information on retrieving evidence-based practice sources is especially pertinent to the DNP student.

Walden University. (2011). Student publications: Code of conduct. Retrieved from http://catalog.waldenu.edu/content.php?catoid=155&navoid=51011

This link provides you with Student Conduct and Responsibility guidelines to help you develop a better understanding of Walden University’s expectations.

Document: Stages in Critical Reading of Research Articles (PDF)

This chart describes the purpose of and questions for six stages of critically reading research articles. Focus on the many activities and questions that make up the critical-reading process. Begin to consider the journal articles and books you read in terms of these criteria.

Document: Introduction to Scholarly Writing: Plagiarism and Academic Integrity (PDF)

This document supplements the information on plagiarism and academic integrity presented in the related video program.

Document: Introduction to Scholarly Writing: Tips for Success (PDF)

This document, which accompanies the video program of the same title, provides resources for improving your scholarly writing and critical-thinking skills.

Document: Common APA Style and Formatting Challenges (PDF)

This document can be used as a quick reference guide for proper APA style and formatting.

Required Media
Laureate Education (Producer). (2012b). Introduction to scholarly writing: Finding a scholarly voice[Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 4 minutes.

This media program discusses the importance of writing with a scholarly voice, distinguishing between a voice that is effective and one that is not, and identifying what is needed to develop your own scholarly voice.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2012c). Introduction to scholarly writing: Plagiarism and academic integrity [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.

Scholarly writing requires ethical practice in every phase and form of the process, from the drafting of a course paper to the completion of a capstone project. Academic integrity is foundational to all teaching and learning at Walden University. As a Walden student, you are required to follow the guidelines of academic integrity as set forth in the Walden Catalog. This media program helps you to do so.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2012d). Introduction to scholarly writing: Purpose, audience, and evidence [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 5 minutes.

Key concepts related to scholarly writing are introduced in this media program.

Laureate Education (Producer). (2012e). Introduction to scholarly writing: Tips for success [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes.

This media program presents tips for becoming a scholarly writer, including how to identify fears related to scholarly writing and connect with resources to improve writing skills.

Note: There is no Discussion this week.

Week 4 Application Rubric
To Students: In addition to the Learning Resources and facilitated Discussions
provided each week, you are expected to integrate articles from peer-reviewed
journals to inform and support your positions and conclusions in the Application
Assignments. Graduate-level scholarship provides the foundation for your work
and requires a higher level of evidence than lay references such as the
dictionary, Wikipedia, general Internet sites, nursing newspapers, expert opinion,
and the like.
Week 4 Application: Locating and Critically Analyzing Primary Research
Articles (15 points)
Write a 4-paragraph APA-formatted paper addressing the following:
 Search the Walden Library and locate two peer-reviewed primary research
articles that pertain to your practice area and are of particular interest to
you.
 Write a 1-paragraph summary of each of the articles you have selected (a
total of 2 paragraphs). (3 points per article summary—6 points total)
 Write 1 paragraph that synthesizes the two articles using a scholarly
voice. (4 points)
 Write a final paragraph in which you discuss the differences between
summarizing and synthesizing research. (5 points)
Note: Up to 2 points may be deducted for grammar, spelling, and/or APA erro

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