Describe the stages of a classical conditioning experiment.
Assignment: classical conditioning experiment
Chapter 6: Learning
1. You are terrified of public speaking, but you take a college class that requires you to give a presentation once a week. The next semester, you take a class that happens to be held in the same room. On the first day of class when you sit down in the room, your palms start sweating and heart rate increases. What are the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) and the conditioned stimulus (CS) in this example?
2. Describe the stages of a classical conditioning experiment.
3. What is meant by the learning terms acquisition, generalization, discrimination, extinction and spontaneous recovery? Give your own examples.
4. How does operant conditioning differ from classical conditioning?
5. Briefly describe Skinner’s approach to operant conditioning.
6. What is positive reinforcement? What is negative reinforcement? Give an example of each. In general, how does reinforcement differ from punishment?
7. What is a secondary reinforcer? Give an example from your own experiences.
8. In general, how does reinforcement differ from punishment? According to the textbook, what is the most effective schedule of reinforcement?
9. What is the difference between a fixed-mindset and a growth mindset? What are the four strategies to develop a growth mindset?
10. Briefly describe the following: observational learning and insight learning.
11. THOUGHT QUESTION: Choose one of the learning concepts in the chapter that you find the most interesting and describe this concept to a friend or family member. Describe how you taught your friend or family member the chapter concept.
12. THOUGHT QUESTION: Sometimes a person may be afraid of a neutral stimulus and not know the reason why. How could you explain this phenomenon in terms of the principles presented in this chapter? Give an example.
Homework Assignment 3
Chapter 7: Memory
1. Describe encoding, storage, and retrieval.
2. Describe the Atkinson-Shiffrin Theory.
3. What are levels of processing? What is elaboration? How can you use these two concepts to increase your memory of psychology material from this class?
4. What is the term for the maximum number of items that a person can store in short-term memory? How many items can be stored? What is chunking and rehearsal?
5. Describe long-term memory. How are explicit and implicit memory different?
6. What brain structure is involved in long-term memory? Short-term memory?
7. Describe how context plays a role in memory retrieval (p. 233).
8. According to the textbook, describe the retrieval of emotional memories.
9. Describe the overall findings of the eyewitness testimony studies described in the textbook (see Loftus, pages 237-238).
10. What are some of the reasons that we might forget newly-learned material?
11. THOUGHT QUESTION: Suppose that you were interested in helping people improve their ability to store information in long-term memory and retrieve information from it for a psychology examination. What memory techniques might you suggest in light of what you have learned in this chapter?
12. THOUGHT QUESTION: Given the information in this chapter and reflection on your last examination, describe how you should study for the next examination in this class. What will you do differently in your study time for the next examination?