Epidemiological Applications Essay
Topic 2: Epidemiological Applications
Describe how the concept of multifactorial etiology relates to the natural history of disease and the different levels of prevention.
How should the nurse incorporate these concepts into health promotion of clients in community settings?
How should the nurse approach client risk in these health promotion activities? Epidemiological Applications Essay
Diseases tend to affect community members at different times in their lifetime. Some diseases are caused by multifactorial etiology, in which disease arises from due interactions genetic and environmental factors while others are caused by a single gene. This paper covers the relationship between multifactorial etiology and the natural history of the disease as well as the levels of disease prevention. It will also address how nurses can incorporate these concepts in promoting health and approaches utilized.
The relationship between Multifactorial Etiology and the Natural History of Disease
Multifactorial etiology focus on multiple factors that result in a particular disease rather than a single causative agent. Various multifactorial diseasesresult due to complex interactions, which occur between genetic and environmental factors. Examples of multifactorial diseases include hypertension, chronic non-specific respiratory disease, coronary heart disease,low back syndrome, cancer, and upper limb disorders, among others. On the other hand, the natural history of the disease can be described as the course, which is taken by a particular disease in an individual since its pathological onset until it eventually resolves(Jewell, 2016). Resolution can occur through either death or complete recovery. A relationship exists between multifactorial etiology and the natural history of the disease. The multifactorial etiology influences the onset of a particular disease and its progress until it resolves. Epidemiological Applications Essay
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The prevention of diseases involves three different levels. The first level is primary prevention, which involves promoting good health practices among the community members. Additionally, it involves educating the population, which is at a high risk of contracting the disease and protecting the most prone areas. Secondary prevention levels focus on maintaining the health of a person who is already suffering from the disease. In involves slowing down the progression of the disease and promoting a healthier lifestyle among the affected individuals. Tertiary level focuses on improving the state of chronic or long-term diseases to manage them. Epidemiological Applications Essay
The incorporation of these Concepts
Promoting the health of clients is one of the primary roles of nurses in community settings(Salmond & Echevarria, 2017). These nurses can use these conceptsto promote good health practices among community members. Also, they can use these tips to educate the community members about the disease and the group of people that is at high risk. Secondly, nurses can use these concepts to maintain the health of community members by administering them with the appropriate medications. They can also guide the society about nutrition and diet that will boost their immunity, thus preventing the progress of the ailment. Finally, these concepts will enable nurses to manage both long-term and chronic diseases.
Strategies for approaching Client Risk
Client risk can be described as the level of risk, which the client will be exposed to. Nurses should assess the level of client risk to determine the measures that should be taken to protect them from such uncertainties. In most cases, nurses use five major strategies to approach client risk. These approaches include medical, education programs, behavioral change, client-centered measures, and societal change. Epidemiological Applications Essay
In conclusion, a relationship exists between multifactorial etiology and the natural history of the disease. In multifactorial etiology, diseases occur due to the interaction between various genes and environmental factors. The natural history of the disease involves the activities that take place since the onset of a particular disease to its resolution. Healthcare practitioners use three levels, which include primary, secondary, and tertiary, to prevent diseases.
Salmond, S. W., & Echevarria, M. (2017). Healthcare transformation and changing roles for nursing. Orthopedic nursing, 36(1), 12.
Jewell, N. P. (2016). Natural history of diseases: statistical designs and issues. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 100(4), 353-361. Epidemiological Applications Essay