NSG4076 – Week 9 Discussion Paper
NSG4076 – Week 9 Discussion Paper
Select one of the following questions to discuss. Justify your response based on the readings and articles from the South University Online Library. 1. Causes of Death Using the CDC website, conduct a search to compare the causes of death among two ethnicities of the same age or two ages of the same ethnicity. OR 2. Responsibilities of a Nurse (Chosen community: Albany, Georgia) Discuss the following with regard to the role and responsibilities of a nurse in a community: How are the roles of the BSN and the advanced practice nurse in community health different? How are nurse practitioners utilized in your community? Do they increase access to health care or work for physicians? What are the requirements for nurse practitioners in your state? What privileges do they have that general nurses do not have? Citations should conform to APA guidelines. NSG4076 – Week 9 Discussion Paper
The discussion will focus on the causes of death. The main causes for deaths within the US include heart disease; cancer; accidents; respiratory diseases; stroke; Alzheimer’s disease; diabetes; pneumonia and influenza; nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis; and intentional harm. In this discussion, causes of death among Non-Hispanic black males belonging to the age group 45-64 years will be compared with Non-Hispanic white males, in the same age group (45-64 years).
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The top ten diseases that cause death among the Non-Hispanic black males aged between 45-64 years include Heart disease; cancer; accidental injuries; diabetes; stroke; kidney disease; respiratory disease; chronic liver disease; homicide; and lastly HIV disease in that order (CDC, 2019). NSG4076 – Week 9 Discussion Paper
On the other hand, the top ten diseases that cause death among the Non-Hispanic white males aged between 45-64 years are Cancer; heart disease; accidental injuries; suicide; liver disease; respiratory diseases; diabetes; stroke; septicemia; and lastly influenza and pneumonia (CDC, 2019).
In both ethnicities, heart disease, cancer, and unintentional injuries are the major causes of death. However, deaths from suicide are higher among non-Hispanic whites in comparison to non-Hispanic blacks. This is supported by Hall et al (2019) who found out that the rates of deaths from suicide had significantly increased among Whites when compared to Blacks. On the other hand, deaths from diabetes and stroke are more among non-Hispanic blacks in comparison to the non-Hispanic white. These differences can be attributed to the interaction of determinants of health because different factors and social ecologies influence a population’s health (Stein et al., 2017).
CDC. (2019). Leading Causes of Death – Males – Non-Hispanic black – the United States, 2017. CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/healthequity/lcod/men/2017/nonhispanic-black/index.htm
CDC. (2019). Leading Causes of Death – Males – Non-Hispanic White – the United States, 2017. CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/healthequity/lcod/men/2017/nonhispanic-white/index.htm
Hall, J. E., Moonesinghe, R., Bouye, K., & Penman-Aguilar, A. (2019). Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Mortality: Contributions and Variations by Rurality in the United States, 2012⁻2015. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(3), 436. doi:10.3390/ijerph16030436.
Stein, E. M., Gennuso, K. P., Ugboaja, D. C., & Remington, P. L. (2017). The Epidemic of Despair Among White Americans: Trends in the Leading Causes of Premature Death, 1999-2015. American journal of public health, 107(10), 1541–1547. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303941. NSG4076 – Week 9 Discussion Paper